What is metabolic syndrome?
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of interconnected risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing various cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, such as heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. To be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome, an individual typically must have at least three of the following five risk factors:
This is characterized by an excess of fat around the abdomen, often measured by waist circumference. In general, a waist circumference of more than 40 inches (102 cm) in men and more than 35 inches (88 cm) in women is considered a risk factor.
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension):
A blood pressure reading of 130/85 mm Hg or higher is typically considered elevated and a risk factor for metabolic syndrome.
High Blood Sugar (Insulin Resistance or Elevated Blood Glucose):
Elevated fasting blood sugar levels (glucose) or being on medication for high blood sugar are indicative of this risk factor.
A triglyceride level of 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or higher is considered elevated and a risk factor.
Low HDL Cholesterol:
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is often referred to as “good” cholesterol. Having levels below 40 mg/dL in men and below 50 mg/dL in women is considered a risk factor.
Metabolic syndrome is linked to various lifestyle factors, including poor diet, physical inactivity, and obesity. Genetic factors can also contribute to its development.
The presence of these risk factors is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, and other health complications. Individuals with metabolic syndrome are at higher risk for a range of health issues, so it is essential to manage and control these risk factors through lifestyle changes, such as improving diet, increasing physical activity, and, in some cases, using medications as prescribed by a healthcare provider. Early intervention and lifestyle modifications can help reduce the risk and improve overall health